Learn how the AIRB regulates auto insurance in Alberta by reviewing rating programs and responding to market challenges.
The Automobile Insurance Rate Board (AIRB) regulates auto insurance rates in Alberta under the authority granted by the Insurance Act and regulations. The AIRB approves, rejects, or requires changes to Alberta auto insurance rate filings for all vehicle types.
The AIRB works in the best interest of Albertans while considering each insurance company’s circumstances. It ensures a competitive marketplace and accessible, equitable, and sustainable auto insurance for Albertans.
The AIRB monitors many aspects of the auto insurance market like driver perceptions, loss trends, availability, affordability, technological advancements, and innovations benefiting Albertans. It also discusses these topics with stakeholders and industry experts to stay informed and proactively regulate the auto insurance industry.
With this input and an understanding of past market trends, the AIRB advises insurance companies on their rate requests before they are submitted while also keeping them informed about the decision-making process for approval, revision, or denial of these requests.
In recent years, the AIRB has noticed Albertans are concerned about the affordability and the complexity of their auto insurance rates. It has been regularly surveying drivers and hearing from industry stakeholders to ensure auto insurance is accessible to all Albertans.
Insurance companies use a complex formula to create a rating program to determine the cost of insuring a vehicle’s identified risks.
Learn more about how insurance rating programs are calculated.
The AIRB has the authority to prohibit the use of a rating variable when it believes it is not fair to drivers.
The AIRB staff reviews changes to rating programs according to its filing guidelines, based on the nature and magnitude of the requested changes made by an insurance company. They examine the variables of each filing to ensure they align with the filing guidelines, expectations, and the law.
The AIRB staff may require an insurance company to resubmit portions or all of their rate filing if any aspect of it raises concerns. The AIRB also contracts a consulting actuary to conduct analyses and review all rate changes thoroughly. The AIRB will not approve an insurance company’s rate change if it exceeds its rate indication.
Another aspect of a rate filing the AIRB examines is the impact on Albertans. The AIRB reviews the effect of an insurance company’s rate filing, looking at the percentage and dollar impact on all their policyholders.
The AIRB expects insurance companies to consider the policyholder’s impact on their business decisions and to communicate all changes adequately. If an insurance company’s rate filing has a high impact on its policyholders, the AIRB can require the company to take steps to minimize its effect.
The AIRB approves rate changes for an insurer’s overall business. Based on an individual policyholder’s unique circumstances, rate changes may differ from the overall average.
The AIRB contracts with Oliver, Wyman Limited to perform consulting actuarial work. They were selected because they do not perform actuarial services for individual insurance companies in Canada. The consultant is independent of industry stakeholders, focusing their auto insurance work on assisting regulators.
Actuarial science is based on assumptions and choice of rate-making technique. Actuaries use their judgement to assess the reasonableness of a rate indication. Oliver, Wyman Limited’s independence from the industry ensures they remain unbiased when reviewing insurance companies’ rate filings and analyzing industry data to develop industry benchmarks.